Less than 40 months
In April 1941, Germany and its allies conquered and dismembered Yugoslavia. Over 67,000 of the country’s 82,000 Jews were subsequently murdered—approximately 81% of the Jewish population.
It took Jews in the western Balkans 450 years to build their communities. It took the Germans and their allies less than 40 months to destroy them.
Jews suffered enormously in “Independent Croatia,” which included most of Bosnia. The Ustaše Fascists were the only Nazi collaborators who established their own death camps, such as Jasenovac, where Jews, Serbs, and Roma were murdered. In Djakovo, 556 Jewish women and children, most of them from Sarajevo and Tuzla, were starved to death.