The Jews who fought back.
Those who helped.
Ljerka Danon in her Sarajevo apartment, is holding a Righteous Gentile award given to her in the name of her father, who hid four Jewish women during the war. Very few Jews in the western Balkans survived the Second World War, and almost all of those who did were rescued by neighbors or strangers, joined the Partisans, or fled to Italy. Jews fleeing to Albania were often protected by local Muslims. Young Jews—often without family responsibilities and many of them still teenagers—proved eager to join the Partisans. Some 1,500 Jewish Partisans died fighting to liberate Yugoslavia, including 22 year-old Estreya Ovadia of Bitola, one of 10 Jews decorated as “Yugoslav National Heroes.” Ovadia fought alongside Dzamila Kolonomos and other girlfriends, among many women Partisans. Jews became prominent Partisan commanders: Mosha Pijade was Tito’s deputy; Beno Ruso a general. And half of all Partisan doctors were Jews.